The Latemar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Unesco declared the Dolomites, and with them the Latemar Massif, a World Heritage Site. The Latemar has thus become one of the most beautiful mountains in the world.
The limestone mountains in northern Italy have been inscribed on the list of the most beautiful areas in the world since 26 June 2009. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation has thus enhanced and confirmed the Dolomite’s unique and special nature.
The Dolomites have always fascinated everyone: as soon as you see them you will fall under their spell. Renowned German painter and copperplate engraver, Albrecht Dürer (1471 - 1528) first saw the Dolomites on his Grand Tour to Italy. He captured some idyllic scenes in watercolour. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832) travelled to Italy in 1786 and fell in love with the ‘Limestone Alps’ (at the time, the name ‘Dolomites’ was still not in use). He described the extraordinary hues of these mountains and their “beautiful, unique and steep shapes”.
During the 18th century, the limestone mountains attracted a number of internationally renowned geologists, mineralogists and geographers for research purposes. They discovered that the composition of the rock was unique and started retracing the birth and history of these jagged and imposing rocky massifs, which would sometimes glow a soft white and red hue. Giovanni Arduino from Italy (1714 - 1795), Frenchman Déodat de Dolomieu (1750 - 1801) and Alexander von Humboldt from Germany (1769 - 1859) are just some of the most well-known scientists who extensively researched the Dolomites. The first mineralogical and chemical analysis of the dolomite rock in 1791 is attributed to Déodat de Dolomieu. It was named ‘dolomite’ in his honour. In 1864, the English painter Josiah Gilbert and scientist George Churchill published a travel journal called: „The Dolomite Mountains“. The name ‘Dolomites’ became popular shortly after WWI, when the territory was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.